The park covers more than 149 thousand hectares and includes 7 natural zones: from the plain steppe to the highlands, which implies a truly huge variety of species of flora and fauna. One of the distinctive features of the park is the growth of 240 species of plants here, which are listed in the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan. In addition, in Sairam-Ugam National Park you can get acquainted with religious buildings, petroglyphs and the life of ancient settlements in different historical times.
The national park is divided into three parts: reserved, where access is closed, recreational (restoration) and tourist. This is a great place to relax with family or friends, where everyone will certainly receive a charge of positive energy and vivid impressions.
Location: The territory of the Sairam-Ugam State National Natural Park occupies a northeastern position in the system of the Western Tien Shan.
Description: Sairam-Ugam National Park was created by merging the Ugam, Tolebi and Tulkubas state institutions for the protection of forests and wildlife.
Sairam-Ugam National Park was created by the merger of the Ugam, Tolebi and Tulkubas state institutions for the protection of forests and wildlife. The purpose of creation: preservation, study and restoration of the biological diversity of unique natural and historical-cultural complexes and objects, ensuring sustainable and balanced use of natural resources of the Western Tien Shan.
Geographically, the territory of the park is represented by three cluster sites: Boraldaitau, Irsu-Daubabinsky, Ugamsky. The area of the park is 149,053 ha, including the area covered by forest – 27,553 ha. The total length of the borders of the park along the perimeter is 135 km. The territory of the Sairam-Ugam State National Natural Park occupies a northeastern position in the Western Tien Shan system and is represented by the Ugam, Karzhantau and Boraldaytau massifs, as well as the northwestern spurs of the Talas Alatau. The Ugam, Sairamsu, Kaskasu, Bourgoulyuk, Badam, Mashat, Daubaba and Kokbulak rivers flow through the park.
Tien Shan is the northernmost of the great mountain systems of Inner Asia. Through the Dzhungar ridge and Tarbagatay it is connected with Altai and other mountains of Southern Siberia and Mongolia, through the Pamir, Kunlun and Karakorum – with Tibet and the Himalayas, and through the Pamir and Hindu Kush – with the Kopetdag and the Iranian Highlands. All these connections enrich the flora and fauna of the Tien Shan, make it both typical of the Central Asian mountains and completely unique in composition. This uniqueness also has global significance, since a significant number of endemic species of plants and animals are concentrated here. The territory of the park has 7 natural zones, ranging from mountain-steppe to high-mountainous, where 1635 species of plants, 59 species of mammals and 300 species of birds are found.
The vegetation cover, fauna, diverse relief, rivers, waterfalls and mountain lakes create picturesque, unique landscapes with a huge recreational potential.
On the territory of the park you can see places of worship, petroglyphs, ancient settlements and burials of various historical eras, but in general its cultural landscapes are still poorly studied and are waiting for their researchers.
Sairam-Ugam National Park was opened in 2006. The entire territory of the park is divided into three functional zones – the reserved regime, tourist and recreational activities, and limited economic activity. Since 2005, the development of community-based ecotourism (ETOS) has begun in the region. The region has developed 16 tour routes.
Flora of Sairam-Ugam State national park
The species composition of the vegetation of the park is unique. Here 240 species of plants grow, listed in the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It can be highlighted that almost all of the Red Book species are rare. Very rare species – Sogdian ash, wild wine-hail, Yanchevsky currant, Alberta iris – are represented by only a few specimens.
In the national park, juniper woodlands consist of three species of juniper: Zeravshan, hemispherical and Turkestan. There are also dense, closed ar-chevniks in the valley of the Sairamsu and Saryaigyr rivers. Turkestan archa is a real long-liver. Millennial trees are often found, still quite healthy and giving normal growth. At the top of the distribution, juniper sometimes lives up to 4 thousand years old juniper at the age of 500-600 years – a common phenomenon.
The most remarkable feature of the Western Tien Shan is also the distribution of many species of wild relatives of cultivated plants – apple trees, pears, plums, grapes, walnuts, onions and tulips.
Fauna of Sairam-Ugam State national park
The wildlife of the national park is very diverse. Bears, wolves, wild boars, mountain goats, roe deer, badgers and porcupines are ordinary inhabitants of the park. Graceful Karatau argali visit the southern sections of the Boraldai Range in spring. Very rarely you can see the most cautious inhabitants of the park – the snow leopard and Turkestan lynx.
It should be noted the spread of the unique population of the Menzbir marmot in the Badam and Saryaigyr basins. The marmot of Menzbir is an endemic of the Western Tien Shan and is distributed only in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. In recent decades, the number of groundhogs has been steadily declining, and the species is threatened with extinction.